Undergraduate Courses?

Undergraduate courses, in general, are of three years leading to Bachelor degrees. The universities and higher education institutes award Bachelor's degree in Arts, Science, Commerce, etc. However, undergraduate courses leading to a first degree in professional subjects like Engineering, Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmacy are of a longer duration ranging from four to five and a half years. Most of the engineering courses are for duration of about five and a half years.

Postgraduate Courses?

Postgraduate Courses in Arts, Science, Engineering and Medicine are usually for two years ending with the award of a Master's degree. In some specialized fields for instance, for a Bachelor of Education (B.Ed) degree, the possession of a Bachelor's degree in any discipline is required before admission can be obtained. Some universities and higher institutes offer a diploma or a certificate course of shorter duration courses in disciplines like Engineering, Agricultural Sciences and Computer Technology. However the duration of these courses varies from university to university.

Doctoral Courses?

Doctoral courses like M Phil and PhD are available only at the university colleges. These courses involve research work under a chosen/allotted guide, leading to thesis submission and viva-voce. Successful completion of PhD course designates the title of 'Doctor' to the individual.

Education System in India?

India is fast growing a major economic power in the world today. Higher Education System in India is the second largest in the world offering wide variety of courses are globally recognized. The Institutions or Universities offering Professional and Technical courses need recognition by the National level statutory bodies established for the maintenance of quality standards in Higher Education System.

Classification of Indian Universities?

Universities of India can be classified in various categories like Central Universities, State Universities, Deemed Universities, Private Universities, Agriculture Universities, National Institutes of Importance and Open Universities.

What is UGC?

The University Grants Commission (UGC), however, was formally established only in November 1956 as a statutory body of the Government of India through an Act of Parliament for the coordination, determination and maintenance of standards of university education in India. UGC provides recognition to the universities and supports government recognized universities and Colleges with funds. For more information visit www.gc.ac.in.

What is AICTE?

The All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) statutory body was set-up in November 1945 as a national level Apex Advisory Body. The Government of India (Ministry of Human Resource Development) also constituted a National Working Group to look into the role of AICTE in the context of proliferation of technical institutions, maintenance of standards and other related matters. For more information visit www.aicte.ernet.in.

What is NBA?

The National Board of Accreditation (NBA) will periodically conduct evaluation of technical Institutions and Programs on the basis of guidelines, norms and standards specified by the Board. Then recommend to the Council regarding recognition or de-recognition of the Institution or program. The accreditation exercise is designed to be rigorous with several inputs such as quality of teaching, level of research, faculty expertise, evaluation of teachers, standard of infrastructure available in the campus, such as hostel facility, library, medical facility etc. These are taken into consideration in order to help the visiting accreditation team of experts to have holistic approach and arrive at rational evaluation. For more information visit www.nba-aicte.ernet.in.

What is NAAC?

The National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) is an autonomous body established by the University Grants Commission (UGC) of India to assess and accredit institutions of higher education in the country. It is an outcome of the recommendations of the National Policy in Education (1986) that laid special emphasis on upholding the quality of higher education in India. For more information visit www.naacindia.org.

What is MCI?

The Medical Council of India was established in 1934 under the Indian Medical Council Act, 1933, now repealed, with the main function of establishing uniform standards of higher qualifications in medicine and recognition of medical qualifications in India and abroad. The number of medical colleges had increased steadily during the years after Independence. In 1956, the old Act was repealed and a new one was enacted. This was further modified in 1964, 1993 and 2001. The objectives of the Council are as follows.
Maintenance of uniform standards of medical education, both undergraduate and postgraduate. Recommendation for recognition/de-recognition of medical qualifications of medical institutions of India or foreign countries. Permanent registration/provisional registration of doctors with recognized medical qualifications. Reciprocity with foreign countries in the matter of mutual recognition of medical qualifications. For more information visit www.mciindia.org.

What is DCI?

The Dental Council of India - a statutory body - was constituted on 12th April 1949 under an Act of Parliament - the Dentists Act, 1948 (XVI of 1948). The amendments were made through an ordinance promulgated by the President of India on 27th August 1992. Through this ordinance, Maintenance of uniform standards of Dental Education - both at Undergraduate and Postgraduate levels. It envisages inspections/visitations of Dental Colleges for permission to start Dental College's increase of seats, starting of new P.G. courses (as per provisions of section 10A of the Act) with the prior permission of the Central Govt., Ministry of Health & Family Welfare. For more information visit www.dciindia.org.

What is PCI?

The Pharmacy Council of India (PCI) - a statutory body working under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, New Delhi. The Pharmacy education and profession in India up to graduate level is regulated by the PCI, a statutory body governed by the provisions of the Pharmacy Act, 1948 passed by the Parliament. For more information visit www.pciindia.nic.in.

What is MHRD?

The Ministry was created under a suggestive name Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), on 26 September 1985, through 174th Amendment to the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules 1961. Currently the Ministry has two departments namely

Department of School Education & Literacy.
Department of Higher Education.
Main objectives of the Department of Higher education of the Government of India can be stated to be the following: Laying down of National Policy on Education, and overseeing its implementation.
Planned development (including expansion of access and qualitative improvement of University of Higher Education and Technical Education. For more information visit www.education.nic.in.

What is Deemed University?

Central Government is responsible for major policy relating to higher education in the country. The Central Government is responsible for declaration of Education Institutions as ‘Deemed to be University’ on the recommendation of the UGC. An educational institute acquires the status of a Deemed University only after meeting the standard set by the University Grant Commission. The UGC may also decide to fund some of these Deemed Universities. The Deemed University status enables the educational institutes to design their own syllabus and course work. They also get the autonomy to set its own guidelines regarding admission and fees. Some of the Deemed Universities are also allowed to grant degrees on their own name. Thus the Deemed Universities in India get the opportunities to develop their own unique course structure to prepare the students to enter into diverse fields after the completion of their study. Those Deemed Universities which continue to perform well eventually get the status of a full- fledged University. For more information visit www.education.nic.in.

What is INC?

The Indian Nursing Council (INC) is an Autonomous Body under the Government of India, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare was constituted by the Central Government under section 3(1) of the Indian Nursing Council Act, 1947 of parliament. The basic Aims, Objectives and functions of Indian Nursing Council are as follows.

To establish and monitor a uniform standard of nursing education for nurses midwife, Auxiliary Nurse-Midwives and health visitors by doing inspection of the institutions.
To recognize the qualifications under section 10(2)(4) of the Indian Nursing Council Act, 1947 for the purpose of registration and employment in India and abroad.
To give approval for registration of Indian and Foreign Nurses possessing foreign qualification under section 11(2)(a) of the Indian Nursing Council Act, 1947.
To prescribe the syllabus & regulations for Nursing programs.

What is AIU?

The Association of Indian Universities (AIU) is an organization that is located in Delhi. The organization is involved in the evaluation of courses, standard and syllabus and acts as liaison between the universities of India and the government. The membership includes traditional universities, open universities, professional universities, Institutes of National Importance and deemed-to-be universities. In addition, there is a provision of granting of Associate Membership to universities of neighboring countries.

What is Central University?

Central University in India is formed by the Government of India, by an Act of Parliament. The Government of India is responsible for arranging, allocating and distributing financial resources required by the University Grants Commission (UGC) for the establishment of Central Universities in India.

Currently there are 20 Central Universities in India. The higher education system in India being one of the largest in the world, the responsibility rests on the Central Government to device policies with a view to improving the quality of higher education in India. Improving the quality and access of higher education and research in India has become all the more important keeping in view the growing need of qualified human resources in various sectors of the economy. Therefore it can only be hoped that there would be more central universities in India in the immediate future.

What is APSCHE?

The Andhra Pradesh State Council of Higher Education (APSCHE) came into existence on 20th May, 1988 through an Act (No. 16 of 1988) of the State Legislature to advise the Government in matters relating to Higher Education in the State and to oversee its development with perspective planning and for matters connected therewith.

The Andhra Pradesh State Council of Higher Education, the first of its kind in the Country, set up as per the recommendations of the National Education Policy 1986, is primarily a coordinating and liaisoning body between the University Grants Commission, the State Government and the Universities.

It is the general duty of the Council to coordinate and determine standards in institutions of Higher Education or Research and Scientific and Technical Institutions in accordance with the guidelines issued by the University Grants Commission from time to time.